Open Access

  • Open Access

    Shandong Science is an open access journal with single blind peer review, and the full text of the journal can be found on the official website Once published, all articles will be immediately and permanently available for readers to read and download for free.

    User Rights

    All content of Shandong Science is published under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) name for knowledge sharing. According to the definition of the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 protocol, All articles are published in open access format as defined by the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 License.all articles are published in open access form. After publication, the articles can be immediately made public and permanently available for free on the official website (www.sdkx. net), allowing users to read, download, copy, print, search or link to the full text of the article, or use it for other legitimate purposes.

        Instructions for free access and use:

        All users of articles in this journal should use the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 License as a prerequisite. The License allows users to copy and distribute articles provided that:

        1.  This is not done for commercial purposes and further does not permit distribution of the Article if it is changed or edited in any way.

        2. The user gives appropriate credit (with a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI) and provides a link to the license but not in an any way implying that the licensor is endorsing the user or the use of the work.

        3.  No derivatives including remix, transform, or build upon the material was allowed for distribution.

    Please follow the link ( for details.

    Copyright Notice

    Once the paper submitted for publication in Shandong Science is accepted, the rights to copy and propagate the entire article and the drawings, tables, abstracts or other parts that can be extracted from the article-including but not limited to copy rights,distribution rights, information network propagate rights, performance rights, translation rights, compilation rights, adaptation rights, etc., are transferred to editorial department of the journal.The author's submission to this journal is deemed to have understood and agreed to the above statement and agreement.

    Long-time Archive

    Each issue of Shandong Science  will be kept in the China Library for a long time.

    Starting from the first issue of our journal in 2010 (Volume 23), all journal articles have been digitized and archived, which can be found on the journal website( )Search, read, or download for free on.

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